Diabetes (Suger)
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Diabetes (Suger)

What is diabetes (sugar) ?This happens because the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is a natural hormone which helps glucose enter the body's cells, where it is used for , What is Pancreas ?The pancreas is located deep in the abdomen, sandwiched between the stomach and the spine. It lies partially behind the stomach. The other part is nestled in the curve of the duodenum ., What is insulin ? Insulin is a hormone. It makes our body's cells absorb glucose from the blood. The glucose is stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen and stops the body from using fat as a source of energy.

What is diabetes (Sugar) ?

  •  Diabetes is having too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. This happens because the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is a natural hormone which helps glucose enter the body's cells, where it is used for energy.

 What is Pancreas ?

  • A simple answer is that the pancreas is an oblong flattened gland located deep in the abdomen. Most people don't know as much about the pancreas as they do about other parts of their bodies. In fact, this gland is an integral part of the digestive system that often goes unnoticed until problems occur.

Where is the pancreas?

                           

                                   

The pancreas is located deep in the abdomen, sandwiched between the stomach and the spine. It lies partially behind the stomach. The other part is nestled in the curve of the duodenum .

What is insulin ?

  • Insulin is a hormone. It makes our body's cells absorb glucose from the blood. The glucose is stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen and stops the body from using fat as a source of energy.

 Type 1 diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease - the person's body has destroyed his/her own insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas

Diet for a person with type 1

  • The person with Type 1 will have to watch what eats. Foods that are low in fat, salt and have no or very little added sugar are ideal. They should consume foods that have complex carbohydrates, rather than fast carbohydrates, as well as fruits and vegetables. A diet that controls the person's blood sugar level as well as his/her blood pressure and cholesterol levels will help achieve the best possible health. Portion size is also important in order to maintain a healthy body weight.

Type TWO diabetes

  • Does not produce enough insulin. 
  • Suffers from 'insulin resistance'. This means that the insulin is not working properly.

In the case of insulin resistance, the body is producing the insulin, but insulin sensitivity is reduced and it does not do the job as well as it should do. The glucose is not entering the body's cells properly, causing two problems:(A build-up of glucose in the blood).:(The cells are not getting the glucose they need for energy and growth.)

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