What is Diabetes? Facts about Diabetes. Types of Diabetes. Diabetes Prevention and Diabetes Management. What is Type 1 Diabetes? What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes Facts: Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that occurs due to lack of insulin in the body. Insulin is a hormone which is released by pancreas and responsible for carrying glucose into the body cells. When we eat any food, it breaks down to glucose- a monosaccharide sugar and an important source of energy. After the metabolism process, glucose mixes in the bloodstream. Glucose is essential to the body cells for growth and energy. But without the insulin glucose cannot reach to the cells. After eating, our pancreas produces adequate insulin to take glucose from the bloodstream to the cells and this controls blood sugar levels as well.
When blood sugar levels or glucose levels get excess in the blood stream then it is called Hyperglycemia.
In the case of Hypoglycaemia blood glucose levels or sugar levels drop abnormally.
In the situation of diabetic patients-body cannot produce adequate insulin or no insulin at all or in some cases body cells do not response to the insulin. These conditions are responsible for elevated levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Higher level of glucose in the blood is harmful for the organs of the body.
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Symptoms of diabetes are including fatigue or increased fatigue, excessive thirst, vision problem, frequent skin infections, slow wound healing, increased appetite and weight loss.
There are mainly three types of diabetes- Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the does not produce insulin at all. Because of the fact that it occurs mostly in the children and young adults, it is also called juvenile diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when body does not produce enough insulin or the body cells do not response to the insulin. This is called insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes happens during the pregnancy. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are chronic diseases but in gestational diabetes blood sugar levels get normal after the delivery.
Who are in the risk zone of Type 1 diabetes?
• People with family history of the disease.
• People under the age of 20 or younger.
• More in males than females.
• More common in non-Hispanic whites, African Americans, and Hispanic Americans.
Who are in the risk zone of Type 2 diabetes?
• Family history of the disease.
• People over the age of 30 or older.
• Overweight people and people who do not exercise.
• Low levels of Vitamin D.
• Certain medications can lead to Type 2 diabetes.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 346 million people worldwide have diabetes and more than 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are chronic, both they can be controlled by proper medications, healthy diet and exercise. Diabetes patients should always avoid tobacco products.
Diabetes can be very harmful for body organs and overall health.
Common consequences of diabetes are:
• Risk of Heart Disease and Stroke
• Chance of Foot Ulcer
• Vision Loss or Blindness
• Kidney Failure
• Damaged Nerves
Do you know if you have diabetes?
Common symptoms of diabetes are:
- Excessive thirst
- Too much of hunger
- Fatigue or tiredness
- Poor eyesight
- Slow healing of wounds
- Rapid breathing
- Frequent infection
- Tingling feet
- Frequent urinate
If you seriously think that you have one or more of these symptoms then you should consult your doctor immediately. Diabetes is a chronic disease and it can be deadly. It can lead to heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, loss of feet, nerve damage and blindness. But the good thing is diabetes can be controlled. Healthy lifestyle with some medication can reduce the effect of diabetes.
With proper medication and disciplined lifestyle you can control diabetes.
How can you prevent diabetes?
You can prevent diabetes by doing some very simple things regularly. It is important to be disciplined to reduce the effect of diabetes. Here are the things you can do to reduce diabetes effect:
• Increase you physical activities
• Walk, run, exercise regularly
• Walk whenever possible, do not use elevator , do gardening, move your body be physically active as much as possible
• Eat healthy. Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits and nuts
• Drink plenty of water
• Avoid fatty foods.
• Eat food with less salt
• Avoid fried foods
• Eat smaller portions
• Do not smoke
Diabetes is a chronic and deadly disease but you can lead a normal life if you take professional advice and manage your diabetes properly.