Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus: Diabetes Diet and Food Tips to Control Diabetes
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Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus: Diabetes Diet and Food Tips to Control Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is the scientific name for the more commonly known Diabetes. Successfully keeping blood sugar within normal limits is imperative to controlling your diabetes. Diet plays an important role in preventing and controlling diabetes.

Diabetes mellitus is the scientific name for the more commonly known Diabetes. It is a type of disease, in which the amount of blood sugar levels will become higher than the normal range. Diabetes is a life-long metabolism disorder in which the hormone insulin, which is needed to regulate blood glucose levels, is absent or ineffective, so the body cannot regulate blood glucose levels properly. Diabetes mellitus occurs when the pancreas does not make sufficient or any of the hormone insulin, or when the insulin made by the pancreas does not work successfully. In diabetes, this causes the echelon of glucose in the blood to be too high. Diabetes is the most common disorder of the endocrine (hormone) system. People who cannot regulate their blood sugar levels are diabetic. Causes of diabetes includes genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Keeping your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible can be a lifesaver. A healthy eating plan can help you keep your blood sugar under control. By following a diabetes diet, you can make things a lot easier, and you will enjoy the other more common benefits of healthy dieting.

Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes is classically diagnosed as a failure of the body to properly metabolize carbohydrates. Its defining symptom is a high blood glucose level. Diabetes has become a world phenomenon right now. With the increase in health awareness in the population, the disease state can be detected earlier in a person. The symptoms of diabetes may begin gradually and can be hard to identify at first.

Symptoms of diabetes include the following observations. The most common symptoms of diabetes includes feeling severe hunger and excessive thirst, constant urination, increased fatigue, dry skin ,and weight loss in spite of increased appetite.

One of the common diabetes symptoms, which help people to suspect they may have diabetes, is slow healing infections.

Blurred vision is another symptom of diabetes. Blurriness of vision occurs because of glucose deposition in the eyes. Diabetes causes increased gum, skin, and bladder problems because of infections.

Draining out of fluid from the cells causes dry and itchy skin. There is also a tingling sensation in the hands or feet.

If you observe any of the above diabetes symptoms, you should visit your doctor immediately for further investigations. If uncontrolled for many years, diabetes mellitus can lead to serious health problems as it can complicate pregnancy, and birth defects may occur.

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is classified into 3 types.

Diabetes Type I

Type I diabetes happens most often in children and young adults, but can appear at any age. Type I diabetes was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells in the pancreas suddenly stop making insulin or makes very little of it. This brings to a situation when the person has to take insulin from outside.

Diabetes Type II

Type 2 diabetes – also called type 2 diabetes mellitus, adult-onset diabetes, or non-insulin dependent diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, comprising 80% of people who suffer from diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes means the body has a problem with insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not respond properly to insulin, leading to less use of insulin. Most people who have diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs mainly in people aged over 40.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM, or diabetes during pregnancy, is a temporary form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and affects up to 5% of pregnant women. Gestational diabetes is thought to be caused by hormones produced during pregnancy blocking the action of insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs when a pregnant woman has high levels of glucose in her blood. In most cases, gestational diabetes causes no symptoms in the mother and poses no immediate threat to her health. All pregnant women should be screened for gestational diabetes. Women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes after pregnancy.

Diabetes Diet and Food Tips

Lowering your blood sugar level will help you gain control over your diabetes and reduce the chances of complications such as stroke, heart attack, cancer, blindness, and amputation.

Diet plays an important role in preventing and controlling diabetes. One of the difficulties a diabetic faces is finding a diet that keeps diabetes under control. Effective management of diabetes cannot be achieved without an appropriate diet. All diabetic patients should know what to eat and what to avoid. A diabetic diet involves making healthy food choices and moderation. Certain foods, eaten in moderation, will help you lower blood sugar and help you to better manage your weight.

Eating nutritious, wholesome food in the right quantities is beneficial for all beings, especially diabetics. Controlling high blood sugar with diet is the most simple and natural way of fighting diabetes. Diabetics who have sugar levels closer to normal range can be sure of controlling blood sugar with diet. The diet for diabetes should be rich in dietary fiber and low in calorie and fat. There are certain foods that can lower blood sugar. Here are some foods for your diabetic diet to help you drop blood sugar points.


Many people have found that using vinegar in your diet can help you control your diabetes. Including some vinegar in your diet may improve your blood sugar. Vinegar in the daily diabetic menu does help diabetics to keep blood sugars lower by effectively lowering the glycemic index of foods (consuming vinegar can improve insulin sensitivity in people with insulin resistance and possibly improve blood glucose control). Vinegar in the daily diabetic menu will more effectively lower your blood sugar by effectively lowering the glycemic index of foods.

Sweet Potatoes

Low glycemic foods will help you reduce points. Sweet potatoes contain high levels of antioxidants, believed to have a positive effect on insulin resistance. Sweet potatoes are a good source of copper and dietary fiber. It has a low glycemic index. Vitamin A and fiber are abundant in yams and sweet potatoes. The high vitamin B6 components found in sweet potatoes also help reduce the risk of diabetic heart disease.


Avocados have the health benefit of controlling diabetes. The monosaturated fats in avocados include oleic acid. It helps to perk up these fat levels in the body and facilitate diabetes prevention. The healthy fats in this fruit have shown to raise your insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels. A diet, having avocados as the primary source of fat, can help diabetics reduce their triglycerides by a maximum of 20%. Diabetes meal plans should include avocado in salads, soups, and even as a spread in a delicious wheat tortilla.


Nuts and seeds are an important part of the diet of all of us who have diabetes. More recently, interest has grown in the potential value of including nuts in the diets of individuals with diabetes. Eating nuts largely lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and does not lead to weight gain. Women who frequently eat nuts and peanut butter have a reduced threat of type 2 diabetes compared to those who do not. Nuts help lower insulin resistance.


Cinnamon is one of the highest rated for lowering blood levels. Cinnamon for diabetes is believed to control glucose level by nourishing digestive system and effectively support glucose metabolism. A water-soluble extract of cinnamon, which contains antioxidative compounds, could help reduce risk factors associated with diabetes.


Garlic and lemon are often cited as natural remedies for a host of medical conditions including diabetes.

Lemons contain vitamin C, rutin, and limonene that can lower the glycemic index of a meal. The acidity in this fruit helps to prevent blood sugar spikes and lower the glycemic level. In addition, some research suggests that low glycemic index foods keep you feeling full for longer and can aid with weight loss as such lemons and lemon juice helps in weight loss.


Garlic has many proven antiseptic and antiviral properties. If you are diabetic, you can benefit from garlic and diabetes interaction. Garlic has long been known to raise insulin sensitivity and provide strong antioxidant protection. It can help you in lowering blood sugar levels naturally to beat diabetes type I and II.


The new wonder fruit is the cherry, which contains chemicals that scientists believe can lower blood sugar. Cherries are low in carbohydrates. They also have a low glycemic index. Cherries are an ideal food for type 2 diabetics. They contain high levels of antioxidants and fiber that help you raise your insulin output and lower your cholesterol. They are also low in calories.

Bitter Gourd

Cut the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, eating more fruit and vegetables in general. There are some vegetables that help to heal the pancreatic function thus controlling the glucose levels in blood. The bitter gourd is distinctively employed like folk medicine for the diabetes. Bitter gourd lowers blood sugar. Consuming bitter gourd every morning cures diabetes mellitus and is very helpful especially for those who newly got diabetes. It increases the resistance of the body against infection. The blood glucose lowering property of the bitter gourd extract is comparable to specialized drugs that are used in treating diabetes.

The intake of carbohydrates should be reduced as the carbohydrates turn into sugar in the body. Instead, the diabetic patients must concentrate more on whole-grain foods.

Water is also extremely important. Drinking lots of water can bring a serious change in the patients of diabetes to control the sugar level. The sufferers should start to drink plenty of water with immediate effect as it helps to flush out the toxins from the body and assist to make it work more effectively and efficiently. You should begin by drinking plenty of water to maintain blood sugar levels.

Successfully keeping blood sugar within normal limits is imperative to controlling your diabetes. If you suffer from or have been diagnosed with diabetes, then with a few simple lifestyle changes and following a diet for diabetes, you will be able to enjoy the majority of everyday foods and live life to the full. A well-structured diabetic diet can be just the ticket to optimum health and wellbeing in your life. It may take a little effort at first to implement, but the health results will definitely be worth it in the long run.

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Comments (2)

Thanks for this highly informative article! I've seen a flood of bitter gourd pills and tablets sold on the market as an "alternative" treatment against diabetes..very interesting. I've always hated the vegetable :-p

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